There are many
different materials used in scrapbooking for creating the
pages and then adding embellishments to develop a theme
for the page or segment of the scrapbook. Some of these
materials include cardstock paper, rubber stamps, stickers,
photographs, die-cuts and so on. Cardstock usually refers
to a heavy-weight, solid paper. The weight of the paper
can range from 50 to 110 lbs. The texture is usually smooth,
but can be texturized, metallic, or glossy. Cardstock is
commonly used in scrapbooking.
Rubber stamping, also called stamping,
is a craft in which some type of ink made of dye or pigment
is applied to an image or pattern that has been carved,
molded, laser engraved or vulcanized, onto a sheet of rubber.
The rubber is often mounted onto a more stable object such
as a wood or an acrylic block to produce a more solid instrument.
The ink coated rubberstamp is then pressed onto any type
of medium such that the colored image has now been transferred
to the medium. The medium is generally some type of fabric
or paper. Other media used are: wood, metal, glass, plastic,
High volume batik uses liquid wax instead
of ink on a metal stamp. Commercially available rubber stamps
fall into three categories: stamps for use in the office,
stamps used for decorating objects or those used as children's
A label (colloquially called sticker) is
any kind of tag attached with adhesive to something so as
to identify the object or its contents. Labels come in many
forms and can be differentiated by the type of adhesive
that they use. The most common type is made with a paper
stock. Labels have many uses, from product identification
to name tags. Special types of labels called digital labels
(printed through a digital process) can also have special
applications such as radio frequency identification(RFID)
tags, security inks, and sandwich process labels.
Ink and base stock color choices commonly
conform to the Pantone Matching System (PMS) colors. The
Pantone system is very dominant in the label printing industry.
Additionally specialty inks such as metallic, UV ink, magnetic
ink, and more are available. Ink is usually transparent
however it can be made opaque. It has been known for certain
companies to patent "their own" color.. Digital
labels use process colors to replicate Pantone solid colors.
Stickers are very widely used when an object requires identification
with a word or idea. Brand stickers may be attached to products
to identify those products as coming from a certain company.
They may also be used to describe characteristics of the
products that would not be obvious from simple examination.